Sub-Saharan Africa accounted for 67% of HIV cases and 72% of AIDS deaths in 2007. The World Health Organization and Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS recommends adult male circumcision as an effective HIV prevention intervention. Sub-Saharan African Ministries of Health are developing plans for the implementation of male circumcision. Barriers such as shortages of physicians and inefficiencies in health delivery methodologies have prevented many countries from reaching their scale up target goals for numbers of men circumcised.
Task sharing, the use of appropriately trained non-physician providers to perform particular steps in the male circumcision surgery, has been proposed as one approach to increasing the volume of male circumcisions. Most clinical devices are too costly and complex for widespread use in most of sub-Saharan Africa.
Primary design constraint to reduce complications with a clinical setting include glans protection; control over amount of tissue removal; ease of use; short procedure time; reduction and elimination of infection; adjustability to different sized glans; compact form factor; enablement of the circumciser to generate a straight, consistent, complete cut; reduction and elimination of bleeding; and low cost.
The goal of this project is to design a device to facilitate clinical adult male circumcision by task-sharing.
GHDI provided me with am amazing opportunity to apply the skills I had been learning in school to a real and complex design opportunity. My team and I were given the freedom to explore design as it relates to healthcare while also receiving the support we needed to thrive. We developed authentic collaborations with healthcare providers, which enhanced our understanding of obstetrics, our design, and our experience in Ghana.
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